Yusuf Küpeli, Kuzey steplerinin korkusuz suvarileri İskitler, Sarmatlar, ve torunları Alan (Osset) halkı üzerine notlar

 

Kaynaklar:

 

Kaynaklar:

 

- Herodotos, Herodot Tarihi, İstanbul 1983

 

- Tamara Talbot Rice, Skyterna, Stockholm 1958

 

- Coordinating Editor G. Selimis, THRACE, General Secretariat of the Region of East Macedonia ´Thrace, Idea Advertising-Marketing Sa 35 Akadimiast St., Athens, November 1994

 

- Alessandro Bausani, The Persians, from the earliest days to the twentieth century, England 1975

 

- R. Ghirsman, Iran, From the Earliest Times to The Islamic Conquest

 

- A. Bernard Knapp, The History and Culture of Ancient Western Asia and Egypt, The Dorsey Press, USA 1988

 

- Ancient History: Egyptians, Assyrians, Chaldeans, Medes, Lydians, Persians, Macedonians, The Seleucide in Syria, The Parthians, and Carthaginians; London: The Religious Tract Society: Instituted 1799; Booksellers 1842

 

- Amélie Kuhrt, The Ancient Near East, c. 3000- 330 BC, Volume I, Volume II, London and New York 1997

 

- Operation Barbarossa, Time-Life Books, Spanien 1993

 

- Arméernas Världshistoria del IV (Ordularin Dünya Tarihi IV. Cilt) 1914-1945, Från Foch till Eisenhower, Stockholm 1969

 

- Prof. Suna Kili, Türk Devrim Tarihi, Ankara 1982

 

- Robert K. Massie, Peter Den Store, Hans liv och värld, Falun 1993

 

- Henry Troyat, Katarina Den Stora 1729-1796, Falun 1993

 

- Oleg Rzjesjevskij, Andra Världskiget: myter och verklighet, Progress, Moskva 1985

 

- Marskalk av Sovjetunionen Georgij Zjukov, Minnen och reflexioner, De 1, Del 2, Progress, Moskva 1988

 

- Åke Ohlmarks, Alla Rysslands Härskare, Stockholm 1980

 

- Professor Alexander A- Danilov, Michael M. Gorinov, Sergei V. Leonov, Ekaterina P. Lugovskaya, Alexander S. Senyavski, and Alexander P. Naumov, The History of Russia The Twentieth Century, The Heron Press, USA 1996

 

- Edward Hallett Carr, The Russian Revolution From Lenin to Stalin 1917-1929, Hong Kong 1980

 

- Kortfattad kurs Under redaktionen av en kommission av SUKP(b):s Centralkommitté, Sovjetunionens Kommunistiska Partis (bolsjevikerna) historia, Stockholm 1949

 

- Roy A. Medvedev, Oktober Revolutionen,Borås 1980

 

- P. Kersjentsev, Lenin, En biografi, Gbg 1973

 

- Louis Fischer, Lenin, Malmö 1967

 

- Bo Gustafsson, V. I. Lenin, Stockholm 1965

 

- John Gunther, Inside Russia Today, London 1958

 

- Rütger Essén, Aug. Giron, Alfred Jensen, Anton Karlgren, Allan Meyer, Gunnar Hesselgren-Silverstolpe, H. Stälhane och Verner Söderberg, Rysslands Omdaning, Första Bandet, Stockholm 1918

 

- Richard Pipes, Den Ryska Revolutionen, Falun 1997

 

- Yusuf Küpeli, Tarihin İzinde Balkanlar ve ABD, Ankara 2000

 

- Prof. Dr. Mirfatykh Z. Zakiev, WHO ARE ALANS?, Tatars: Problems of the History and Language, Colection of aticles on problems of lingohistory; revival and development of the Tatar nation, Kaza, 1995. Pp.38- 57 http://www.geocities.com/turklukbilgisi/WHOAREALANS.htm

 

- Sergei V. Rjabchikov, The Scythians, Sarmatians, Meotians, Russians and Circassians: Interpretation of the Ancient Cultures, http://public.kubsu.ru/~usr02898/s12.htm and http://public.kubsu.ru/~usr02898/s12.htm#TOP

 

- Where Did the Scythians Come From?, http://pages.sssnet.com/7genex7/where.html

 

- Basic Information on Scythians and Their Art, http://pages.sssnet.com/7genex7/basic.html

 

- The Kurgan, http://pages.sssnet.com/7genex7/index.html

 

- Art of the Scythians, The Scythian Empire durung the 4-3. centuries B.B., http://www.utexas.edu/students/husa/origins/szkitahist/szkitaart.html

 

- Art of the Sarmatians, http://www.utexas.edu/students/husa/origins/sarmatianhist/szarmataart.html

 

- Art of the Steppe Nomads: The Xiongnu and the Huns, http://www.utexas.edu/students/husa/origins/hunhits/hunart.html

 

- By Melissa Snell, Alani, http://historymedren.about.com/od/aentries/a/11_alani.htm

 

- Greg Cruey, Background on North and South Ossetia, http://eeuropeanrussianaffairs.suite101.com/article.cfm/the_two_ossetias

 

- Ossetians, http://www2.nupi.no/cgi-win//Russland/etnisk_b.exe?Osetian

 

- South Ossetia - Early History, http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/south-ossetia-7.htm

 

- South Ossetia - Russian Conquest, http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/south-ossetia-8.htm

 

- South Ossetia - 19th Century Ossetia, http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/south-ossetia-6.htm

 

- South Ossetia – Background, http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/south-ossetia-3.htm

 

- South Ossetia - The Stakes, http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/south-ossetia-9.htm

 

- South Ossetia - Daily Chronology, Monday 11 August 2008, http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/south-ossetia-10.htm

 

- South Ossetia - Recent Developments, http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/south-ossetia-2.htm

 

- South Ossetia - Roki Tunnel / Roksky Tunnel, http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/south-ossetia-5.htm

 

- North Ossetia–Alania republic, Russia formerly North Ossetia , Russian Severnaya Osetiya–Alania , Ossetia also spelled Ossetiya or Osetiya, hecked%2Citems~checked&title=North%20Ossetia%E2%80%93Alania%20--%20Britannica%20Online%20Encyclopedia 

 

- Caucasian Albania, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caucasian_Albania

 

- Kabardino-Balkariya, http://www2.nupi.no/cgi-win/Russland/a_enhet.exe?KABARDINO-BALKARIA

 

- REPUBLIEK INGOESJETIE,

http://iz-tmi-vekov.mysites.nl/mypages/iz-tmi-vekov/95887.html

 

- Facts about South Ossetia, http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/08/08/news/Georgia-South-Ossetia-Glance.php

 

- Glorious Pleiad of Russian admirals, http://www.neva.ru/EXPO96/admir.en.html

 

- Kievan Rus, http://www.neva.ru/EXPO96/book/chap1-1.html

 

- Under the Romanovs, http://www.neva.ru/EXPO96/book/chap1-3.html

 

- St. Petersburg, the Capitan of Russian Fleet, http://www.neva.ru/EXPO96/spb/spb-fleet.html

 

- History of North Ossetia-Alania,

http://www.economicexpert.com/a/History:of:North:Ossetia:Alania.html

 

- Ossetia, http://www.answers.com/topic/north-ossetia-alania 

 

- Vainakh, Ethno-Linguistic groups in the Caucasus region, http://tripatlas.com/Vainakh 

 

- History of North Ossetia-Alania, http://www.music.us/education/H/History-of-North-Ossetia-Alania.htm

 

- South Ossetia says it will join North Ossetia-Alania as a federal subject of Russia, http://mensnewsdaily.com/2008/08/30/south-ossetia-says-it-will-join-north-ossetia-alania-as-a-federal-subject-of-russia/

 

- History of North Ossetia-Alania, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_North_Ossetia-Alania

 

- North Ossetia-Alania, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Ossetia-Alania

 

- Kafkas Vakfi (Caucasus Foundation), n.d., South Ossetia, http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/63/129.html

 

- By Margreet Strijbosch, ‘Last chance for peace’ in South Ossetia, Radio Netherlands, 20 August 2004, http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/63/128.html

 

- South Ossetia - Early History, http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/south-ossetia-7.htm

 

- Sarmatians, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarmatians

 

- NEWS: South Ossetia, History of South Ossetia, Present scenario in South Ossetia, South Ossetia 1989-2007, http://www.altiusdirectory.com/Society/2008/08/south-ossetia.html

 

- South Ossetia: Oil and nationalism - a troubled history, Saturday, 9 August 2008, http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/world-news/south-ossetia-oil-and-nationalism--a-troubled-history-13935166.html

 

- Clashes in South Ossetia Latest Round in Tumultuous History, http://www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/europe/july-dec08/ossetia_08-08.html

 

- History of South Ossetia, http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/History-of-South-Ossetia

 

- HISTORY OF YEREVAN, http://www.visitarm.com/YerevanHistory.htm

 

- Huns For other uses, see Hun (disambiguation), http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Huns

 

- Islam in North Ossetia-Alania, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_North_Ossetia-Alania

 

- Massagetae, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massagetae

 

- Tomyris, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomyris

- Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mountainous_Republic_of_the_Northern_Caucasus

 

- North Caucasian Soviet Republic, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Caucasian_Soviet_Republic

 

- South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Ossetian_Autonomous_Oblast

 

- North Ossetia–Alaniarepublic, Russia formerly North Ossetia , Russian Severnaya Osetiya–Alania, Ossetia also spelled Ossetiya or Osetiya, hecked%2Citems~checked&title=North%20Ossetia%E2%80%93Alania%20--%20Britannica%20Online%20Encyclopedia 

 

- Oblast, http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Oblast

 

- South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast,

http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/South-Ossetian-Autonomous-Oblast

 

- Autonomous oblasts of the Soviet Union, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomous_oblasts_of_the_Soviet_Union

 

- Ossetian-Alanian history,

http://ossetians.com/eng/news.php?newsid=27&f=3&PHPSESSID=28d1156505a6

 

- Sarmatian, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/524377/Sarmatian#tab=active~checked%2Citems~checked&title=Sarmatian%20--%20Britannica%20Online%20Encyclopedia

- Terek Soviet Republic,http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Terek-Soviet-Republic

 

- Terek Soviet Republic, http://www.economicexpert.com/a/Terek:Soviet:Republic.html

 

- Terek Soviet Republic, http://www.123exp-geography.com/t/18624317964/

 

- Terek Soviet Republic, http://education.music.us/T/Terek-Soviet-Republic.htm

 

- Richard Pipes, The Formation of the Soviet Union

Communism and Nationalism, 1917-1923

Revised Edition, http://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog/PIPFOX.html?show=contents

 

- Ossetiav History, http://www.ossetia.net/caucasus/history/index.html

 

- The Question of Bolshevik-Dashnakist Collaboration, http://www.armenica.org/cgi-bin/armenica.cgi?152903919305913;=1=1=390=26==1=3=A

 

- Mikhail Roshchin, The Role of Islam in North Ossetia, Thursday , 31 March 2005, http://www.turkishweekly.net/comments.php?id=637  

 

- Russian History Encyclopedia: Transcaucasian Federations, http://www.answers.com/topic/transcaucasian-federations

 

- Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic,

http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Transcaucasian-Democratic-Federative-Republic

 

- Armenia Background: http://www.nationmaster.com/country/am-armenia

 

- Azerbaijan Background: http://www.nationmaster.com/country/aj-azerbaijan

 

- Transcaucasia, http://encyclopedia.farlex.com/Transcaucasia

 

- Zviad Gamsakhurdia, http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Zviad-Gamsakhurdia

 

Yusuf Küpeli

28 Eylül 2008

 

başa dönmek için tıkla

 

 

a- Darius ve İskitler üzerine Herodotus’tan bir anlatım

 

b- Osset veya Alan halkının kimliği ve tarihi üzerine kısa bilgiler

 

c- Kuzey ve Güney Ossetya üzerine kısa bilgiler

 

notlar:

- Ordzhonikidze

- Nagorno-Karabağ

- savaşın kaderini berirleyen Stalingrad ve Kursk muharebeleri

 

Kaynaklar:

http://www.sinbad.nu/